Roman Forum and Imperial Fora

Roman Forum and Imperial Fora

Getting around through the splendid monumental squares of the Roman Forum and Imperial Fora means to make a dip in the heart of ancient Rome.

The Roman Forum was the center of activity during the Roman Republic, where citizens of all territories subject to Rome went to attend political, administrative and economic affairs, which concerned the community to which they belonged. Therefore it was adorned with monuments of exceptional beauty, which can still be partially admired, retracing the many unique historical events that took place here. On the right of the entrance you can admire the Basilica Emilia (179 BC), a business center, which was used for courts' sessions: you can still see the remains of its beautiful colored marble floors and the basements of its majestic columns. The Curia, seat of the Senate, was founded by King Tullus Hostilius, one of the successors of Romulus, but the current building dates back to the remake of Diocletian (303 AD). Further we admire the tomb of the legendary founder of Rome, Romulus: according to legend, he was the son of the god Mars and the Vestal Rhea Silvia, and with his twin Remus he suckled by a she-wolf. After passing under the Arch of Septimius Severus (25 meters wide and 23 high), we come to the Rostra, the traditional forum of speakers, where also Cicero gave some of his famous speeches. The plate in front of it, paved in travertine, was the heart of the Forum, while on the bottom, on the side opposite the Basilica Emilia, stands the Basilica Julia, built by Julius Caesar in honor of his gens.

Later the expansion of the Empire, the area of the Roman Forum was no longer sufficient to accommodate activities related to political and administrative control of the city and it was therefore necessary to extend it: the first structure to be built was the so-called Forum of Caesar, wanted by Julius Caesar and opened just two years before his death in 46 BC. Then we reach the Forum of Augustus, of which octagonal structure today we can only see the remains of the great temple, dedicated to Mars Ultor (=avenger), created after the battle of Philippi (42 BC), in which Augustus had avenged the murder of Caesar.

Among the available space between the previous two holes there is the square built by Vespasian, which housed the Temple of Peace, erected to celebrate the conquest of Jerusalem (75AD): it was a sort of garden-museum, with tanks of water and numerous votive statues. Destroyed by fire in the third century, the area was absorbed by Domitian and Nerva in the so-called Forum of Nerva, which leads to the impressive and fascinating Trajan's Forum. Behind it, we can admire the wonderful Trajan's Column, which performs on its continuous frieze the deeds of the emperor in the war against the Dacians: it is a tale almost "cartoony" of unbelievable beauty.

The visit ends with the Roman Basilica Ulpia, the largest of the Roman period, which was built between 106 and 113 of the draft by Apollodorus of Damascus.

Opening hours: from 9.00 am until one hour before sunset.

Free admission, except some monuments specified individually.


Content copyright

The text in this website is property of and cannot be used without naming and linking the source (

If you find any picture or content which is from your property contact the administrators using the contact section of the website and it will be immediately removed.


This document was created using a Contractology template available at

No warranties

This website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, express or implied. makes no representations or warranties in relation to this website or the information and materials provided on this website.

Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing paragraph, does not warrant that:

  • this website will be constantly available, or available at all; or
  • the information on this website is complete, true, accurate or non-misleading.

Nothing on this website constitutes, or is meant to constitute, advice of any kind. [If you require advice in relation to any [legal, financial or medical] matter you should consult an appropriate professional.]

Limitations of liability will not be liable to you (whether under the law of contact, the law of torts or otherwise) in relation to the contents of, or use of, or otherwise in connection with, this website:

  • [to the extent that the website is provided free-of-charge, for any direct loss;]
  • for any indirect, special or consequential loss; or
  • for any business losses, loss of revenue, income, profits or anticipated savings, loss of contracts or business relationships, loss of reputation or goodwill, or loss or corruption of information or data.

These limitations of liability apply even if has been expressly advised of the potential loss.


Nothing in this website disclaimer will exclude or limit any warranty implied by law that it would be unlawful to exclude or limit; and nothing in this website disclaimer will exclude or limit liability in respect of any:

  • death or personal injury caused by negligence;
  • fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation on the part of; or
  • matter which it would be illegal or unlawful for to exclude or limit, or to attempt or purport to exclude or limit, its liability.

By using this website, you agree that the exclusions and limitations of liability set out in this website disclaimer are reasonable.

If you do not think they are reasonable, you must not use this website.

Other parties

[You accept that, as a limited liability entity, has an interest in limiting the personal liability of its officers and employees. You agree that you will not bring any claim personally against officers or employees in respect of any losses you suffer in connection with the website.]

[Without prejudice to the foregoing paragraph,] you agree that the limitations of warranties and liability set out in this website disclaimer will protect officers, employees, agents, subsidiaries, successors, assigns and sub-contractors as well as

Unenforceable provisions

If any provision of this website disclaimer is, or is found to be, unenforceable under applicable law, that will not affect the enforceability of the other provisions of this website disclaimer.