It is situated on the right side of the centre of Athens. Acropolis is a historical fortress which contains relics of various significant buildings of historic and architectural importance, the most famous being the Parthenon a 2500 years old temple dedicated to the goddess. The word acropolis comes from two Greek words i) akron, meaning edge and ii) polis meaning city. Cliff of Acropolis was used as a citadel 4000 years ago. In the 5th century B.C., the final buildings were created at Athens golden century by Pericles. The motive was to celebrate the Greek victory over Persian empires and to declare to the ancient world the emerging power of the first human democracy state by constructing a figure of Greek civilization.
For several centuries, Acropolis monuments remained famous in the world but when Christianity rose and was adopted as religion of Roman empire by Constantine, the great, it began a long age of oblivion for the ritual places of the previous religion of twelve Gods of the Olympus.
At the time of the east roman empire (Byzantium empire) the Parthenon transferred to a Christian church. The statues and sculptures present in the temple were considered profane and they were ruined at the fall of the Byzantium to the ottoman Turks and invasion of the Athens made the Parthenon turned in to mosques.
Being relatively intact for 2000 years, the Parthenon almost destroyed in 1687 siege by the Venetians who had claimed this city from the Ottoman. The Parthenon was hit by artillery fire and severely damaged. Today, one can still see the relics of Acropolis standing in the city of modern Athens reminding the glorious past of the city and being a famous tourist attraction around the world.
It is an impressive brand-new archaeological museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of Acropolis of the Athens. The museum was constructed with the intention to keep all artifacts which were found from Bronze Age of Greece to Byzantine and Roman Greece on the rocks. The museum lies on the site of Makrygianni, which is an archeological site and carries the relics of some part of Roman and Byzantine Athens. The front of the building is linked to Dionysiou Areopagitou street which directly comes across to Akropoli station.